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What is Graphic Designing?

What is Graphic Designing?

Edited By Team Careers360 | Updated on Apr 24, 2024 12:09 PM IST | #B.Des

Technology has become a core part of human lives, and it is undeniable that without it no business can sustain itself. From the creative logos to the interactive visuals that we witness every day on our screen, on roads and around us are done with the help of what is known to us as graphic designing. A graphic designer incorporates a creative brain and a knowledge of technology to create something unique for each business.

But what is graphic designing? In easy terms, Graphic designing is a profession that enables ideas to become reality by making an art turn into a functional design. It incorporates the stream of design thinking and arts with technology and aids in transmitting visual information for specific purposes. Continue reading for more details on what is graphic designing, what graphic designers do, best tools and more.

What graphic designers do?

After addressing the question of what is graphic designing one must wonder what graphic designers do? The one who practices the profession of designing letters to creativity is known as a graphic designer. A graphic designer is the one who encodes the message into a pictorial representation. Most graphic designers deal with the field of advertisement, logo making, website designing etc. Graphic designers use illustrations and typographies to convey messages, vision, and the story of a business.

The demand for a graphic designer is witnessing steady growth because India is rapidly becoming more and more digitized and thus now will be a perfect time to start a career in graphic design. Though one does not require a formal degree to start a career as a graphic designer, a degree can always help you gain knowledge in a more structured way and can provide you with the experience required for better offers.
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What is the Main Purpose of Graphic Design?

The world is getting more and more overloaded with information and to filter the information out we need creative minds that can convey messages easily through visuals and help the messages to be understood easily. The purpose of Graphic design is to enable the designers to engage the viewers through the message they want to convey.

What are the Elements and Principles of Graphic Design?

The basic elements of graphic design include learning design principles. The designs must be harmonious in nature to appeal to the viewers. The basic elements and principles of graphic design include balance, contrast, colour, texture, shape, pattern etc. that can help enhance the design and create compelling results.

What are the Different Types of Graphic Design?

Graphic Designing can be pursued in myriad ways. Each one is a specialisation that can address the different issues around graphic design. Here are some of the most common graphic design types:

Visual Identity:

This type of graphic design includes creating a brand identity for the clients. The graphic designers need to create logos, colour palette, cards and everything that a business requires to function. The designer needs to create compuling designs that can be put across different media platforms.

Marketing Graphic Design:

In today's world marketing is one of the top skills that one can have. Marketing graphic designers create social media posts, templates, posters, brochures, advertisements etc to feature a brand's identity in front of the audience. Through these the graphic designer promotes the content of the company.

UX/UI Graphic Design:

Mobile applications require smooth operation which can be done through user interface (UI). UI graphic designers help design the functioning of an application. Designing ke game, an app, a website all included in UI designs. The designer makes it user friendly for smooth operation.

Publication Graphic Design:

A book cannot be judged by its cover but a cover certainly place a great role in the sale of the book. Graphic designs also design non-digital long publications like books, magazines and catalogues. Company reports are also included in this kind of graphic designing.

Packaging Graphic Design:

Ever saw a product on the aisle of a supermarket and grabbed it just because it looked chic or cute or classy ? Well the credit goes to the packaging graphic designer behind that brand. Packaging graphic design includes creation of food, cosmetics or clothing packaging that attracts a customer.

Skills Required to Become a Graphic Designer:

Graphic designers need to have certain skills to excel in the profession. They need to understand that one needs to be artistic as well as technical in order to thrive as a graphic designer. Here are if you skills that one must poses to become a successful graphic designer:

  • Creativity

  • Sense of colour

  • Sense of composition

  • Skills to use software

  • Time management

  • Attention to Details

  • Multitasking

  • Problem solving ability

  • Brand management

Why Graphic Design?

Do you wish to see your designs on billboards? Do you wish to see the logos on supermarket aisles? Do you believe that your packaging can solve the issues of a failing brand? Well if yes graphic designer can be a good profession for you. Graphic designers create all such things and much more. With the internet booming up with visual media platforms, graphic designing can be a good career. Everything we see around has images, may it be instructions to make noodles or the book next to you has graphics in it. So a graphic designer is in high demand.

What are the Courses for Graphic Designing?

One must now be curious what are some graphic design courses that one can pursue and what to learn in graphic design to successfully start earning? Several types of graphic designing courses are available to choose from according to one’s age and affordability. One can opt for a formal path and enrol in the long duration course to ensure structured education and experience, or one can opt for shorter courses like a diploma to complete education soon and get hands-on experience. Here is a list of what are the ways to get in a graphic design course.

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B.Des in Graphic Designing

One can opt for a Bachelor’s in Design (B.Des) specializing in graphic designing which is the most suitable course for students to opt for just after 12th grade. It is a four-year-long course that teaches graphic design from scratch. The student must acquire a minimum aggregate of 50% in 12th grade to apply to some of the best colleges for graphic design in India. Along with that a student must take and qualify for an entrance examination conducted by the desired institutions to gain admission in the preferred college.

Best colleges in India include NID (National Institute of Design) which conducts an entrance examination to take in the best talents across the nation. IITs also intake graphic designing students through UCEED which is conducted every year. Pearl Academy, is a private institution that also conducts an entrance examination for candidates to take admission in the B.Des programme.

The fee for a bachelor’s in graphic design courses usually ranges from 3 Lakhs to 10 Lakhs in total. The students learn animation, illustration, photoshop etc and can land a job in multiple fields such as graphic designer, video editing, web design etc. One can also opt to take up higher studies if feasible to ensure better job opportunities and to pursue specific interests. One can expect a salary of 3-7 lakhs depending on the role one takes up after B.Des.

M. Des in Graphic Designing

The students interested in higher studies after a bachelor’s in graphic design courses can apply for a Master's in Design (M.Des) course if they fulfil the requirements. To be eligible for M.Des one needs an aggregate of at least 50% in their B.Des degree or a bachelor's in Architecture or Engineering can also work as a prerequisite. M.Des course in Graphic Design is a two-year full-time course that gives the students an in-depth knowledge in the field of design. Arch School of Design and Business is a reputed choice for M.Des and it conducts an entrance examination known as AIEED to select the candidates. CEED (Common Entrance Examination for Design) is also an exam that students should keep an updated aim on. The fee for the M.Des course may range from 20,000 to 12 Lakhs.

However, if one chooses to not opt for the traditional path of time or financial constraints or wishes to change their career, they can opt for several diploma courses that teach the basics of graphic design. What are some graphic design courses one can take except a bachelor’s in graphic design courses? The answer is

Diploma in Graphic Designing

It is a one-year full-time course designed for students after 12th from any stream who aim to make a career in graphic design. This short course can give an overview of what to learn in graphic designing that one can hone with experience. The student must have 50% aggregate in 12th grade and the admissions usually depend on the merit of a candidate. The fee for this course ranges from Rs.25,000- Rs.1.5 Lakhs based on the University chosen. Several scholarship opportunities are also available to ensure financial benefits for deserving candidates. The salary offered can range from 3 lakhs to 6 lakhs, based on the role taken and the company recruited in. Apeejay Institute of Design, Delhi is a reputed private institution that offers a diploma in Graphic design. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj University is also a good choice for a diploma course.

Everything is available on the internet these days and one must think what are some graphic design courses online to boost one’s confidence? And what to learn in graphic designing? To give you an idea of what graphic designers do, candidates can refer to some online courses that can help them explore the graphic designing world before diving in. Aspirants can always opt to read a bit more about the career before making a choice and you can do that by finding guidebooks about the course. There are plenty of resources online that can provide training and certifications that will help you to build your resume. These resources will help you to understand graphic design, what is it, what graphic designers do, and how to become one.

What to learn in graphic designing?

Throughout the years of education, designers undergo rigorous training to develop creative thinking and have an eye for detail. The designers also learn about typography which enables the designers to play around with different fonts. Graphic Designers learn about various colour theories and image editing techniques. Logo designing is another important aspect of graphic designing as each brand requires a unique and meaningful logo to begin with. Along with the design-related skills a graphic designer also has to be well versed in the best graphic designing tools that can help them bring their ideas to life.

Best graphic designing tools

What graphic designer’s do is bring out their ideas into the real world and to do so they are trained to be well-versed in technology and are taught various tools to create aesthetic and unique designs for their customers. From an extensive list on Webflow, some of the best-curated software used by graphic designers are listed below.

  1. Adobe Illustrator: One of the best tools for high-end products used by graphic designers is Adobe Illustrator. It offers a free trial for a week and can support multiple file formats. However, the pricing might not be very budget-friendly.

  2. Affinity Designer: It is a user and budget-friendly option for beginners in graphic designing. It has a one-month free trial period after which there is a one-time fee payment. The special feature of this software is it provides an X-ray view and a 1,000,000% zoom to ensure precise design.

  3. Procreate: One of the most widely used tools by designers is Procreate with this tool one can try animation also. It is also a one-time purchase that gives access to over 200 customisable brushes and a lifetime of creativity. However, it offers no trial period and works only on an iPad.

  4. Adobe Photoshop: It is the bread and butter for most of the designers. It is the most commonly used tool for graphic designing. It offers a seven-day trial period that gives access to thousands of stock images and support for multiple image formats. You can always learn photoshop to add some skills to your resume, here is a list of top courses.

  5. Canva: It is one of the most widely used graphic designing tools that is used for multiple purposes. A wide range of templates and features are available for free. However, it offers an app purchase also to avail certain special features and templates. It offers a feature to collaborate with other designers and create a team folder. In case you want to learn Canva here is a list of online courses you can explore.

Is the Graphic Design Industry Stable?

Graphic designing industry is in high demand right now. There are so many technological advances that are taking up jobs. But design is one of such jobs that requires creative thinking and problem solving abilities. Does the graphic design industry have a very stable future? With correct skills, experience and zeal to learn one can thrive in the graphic design industry.

Once students are well versed with the basics of graphic designing what graphic designers do is they can go forward to build a portfolio and apply for internships. The portfolio would reflect the knowledge they have about some of the best graphic designing tools, and the internships can train you for real life experiences and how to deal with problems. Finally, after they have gained some experience, they can apply for jobs and be ready for an adventurous yet worthy ride in graphic designing. Designing is a field that values experience and with experience is a growing field like graphic designing you can earn a great amount of money.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. What does a graphic designer do?

Graphic designers mostly create designs for advertisement campaigns, logos for brands, sometimes help to create interactive website elements. They also work for magazine covers. 

2. What is graphic designing explain?

Graphic designing is a process of visual communication that enables one to communicate through pictures a specific message to the target audience. It is also an academic discipline which teaches students the same. 

3. Is graphic design good career?

Graphic design is a good option for students who are creative and also interested in technology. As a career graphic designing has been witnessing a steady rise because of digitalisation and growing online businesses. This can be the best time to become a graphic designer as in future it can become a demanding career option. 

4. What is a salary of graphic designer?

Big companies like TCS and Amazon are willing to pay the graphic designers in the range of 2-7 lakhs per annum. However, one must realise that it is a skill that requires experience and with industry knowledge the pay might rise higher. 

5. Is it mandatory to appear for entrance exam for bdes in graphic designing ?

No it is not compulsory for a student to have formal education in graphic design, one can opt for diploma courses or certificates instead. However, having a degree can help in grabbing job opportunities better. 


Certifications By Top Providers

Explore Top Universities Across Globe

University of Essex, Colchester
 Wivenhoe Park Colchester CO4 3SQ
University College London, London
 Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT
The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh
 Old College, South Bridge, Edinburgh, Post Code EH8 9YL
University of Bristol, Bristol
 Beacon House, Queens Road, Bristol, BS8 1QU
University of Nottingham, Nottingham
 University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD
Lancaster University, Lancaster
 Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4YW

Questions related to B.Des

Have a question related to B.Des ?


MIT Institutes of Design BDes Highlights 2024. Maharashtra Institute of Technology Institute of Design offers three years BDes programme across eleven specialisation. BDes is the flagship course of the Institution Candidates are required to appear in the MIT DAT to get into BDes programme.

Hope this helps you,

Thank you

Hey Krithika,

Yes, there is a negative marking of 0.25 for every wrong answer. So, make sure not to attempt any question you are not confident enough.

For detailed exam pattern (revised) you can visit :

Hope this helps you.

All the best!


Designing is a growing course in today's worlds. With the speedy growth in Fashion industry, the need for good designers has increased.

The courses available in B.Des in NID are:

1) Animation Film Design

2) Film & Video Communication

3) Product Design

4) Exhibition Design

5) Ceramic & Glass Design

6)  Textile and Interior Design

7) Textile Design

8) Graphic Design

I hope this helps,

All the best.

Hello Aspirant,

Hope you are doing great. For students with a creative and technical mindset, BTech is an excellent option and course. Additionally, it gives you fantastic career opportunities. Many students highly value a BDes degree, making it one of the most lucrative career paths.  The rise of consumerism and the digital industry are just two of the many factors that make design a great career path in the twenty-first century. According to data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the subfield of industrial engineering is the one that is expanding the fastest (2021). The projected growth of 14% between 2020 and 2030 corresponds to a national increase of 40,000 jobs.



Madhyanchal Professional University offers a variety of courses in different fields. The quality of education is really good. The facilities offered are oustanding and they offer tremendous placements. B. Designing is the most applied course in the recent times due to it's increasing demands. They offer a lot of workshops which help the students expertise in designing and graphics. They have several animation workshops few times a year.

The highest salary package offered here is 12 LPA and the lowest salary package offered is 48 thousand per annum. The average package is 4.74 LPA.

I hope this helps,

All the best

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