20 Terms Every Fashion Student Must Know
Updated on Apr 28, 2017 - 12:29 p.m. IST by Nancy Johri
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Being a fashion aspirant, are you familiar with what does haute couture, lookbook or mandarin collar mean? If your answer is “no” to any of these, then don’t worry as you are definitely not alone in facing this challenge. All your confusion regarding the ambiguous fashion jargon is going to be clarified now. Careers360 has presented here fashion terms and their meanings that you must know in order to get acquainted with the domain. Below is your fashion lingo cheat sheet in which you can find meanings of the stylish terms.

 

Ready To Wear1. Ready To Wear

 

Meaning: Garment that is produced by factory in standard sizes

 

Detail: Originated from French phrase “prêt-à-porter”, it means any attire, which is not custom made. Almost every fashion house and contemporary brand makes it.  

 

 

 

 

Haute Couture2. Haute Couture

 

Meaning: The business of designing and selling custom-made garments for exclusive clients

 

Detail: This clothing is especially worn by celebrities. According to French law, to be considered a haute, you need to employ 15 or more people and showcase your collection twice a year.  

 

 

 

 

 

Capsule Collection3. Capsule Collection

 

Meaning: An edited collection of replaceable cloth items

 

Detail: Under this idea, customers are given nearly ten staple cloth pieces like trousers, coats, blouses, etc. that are mixed and matched for maximising outfit potential.

 

 

 

 

 

Pop-Up Shop4. Pop-Up Shop

 

Meaning: A temporary retail store

 

Detail: Depending on retailer, a trendy pop-up shop generally lasts anywhere from few days to several weeks. Some brands use it for promotion of campaigns, while some use it for sample sales and parties.  

 

 

 

 

 

Lookbook5. Lookbook

 

Meaning: A collection of images that showcases a designer’s forthcoming compilation

 

Detail: This is useful for brands that don’t have a runway show, but are willing to showcase their collection in a creative manner. This is helpful in showing different ways in which a product can be styled so that customers can have a look at it. 

 

 

 

 

Silhouette6. Silhouette

 

Meaning: General outline of a garment

 

Detail: It is the contour of a clothing piece. For instance, a shift dress has a straight and shapeless silhouette.

 

 

 

 

 

Bias Cut7. Bias Cut

 

Meaning: A diagonally cut garment

 

Detail: The fabric adheres and cascades over the curves because it is cut diagonally, thereby creating a flattering shape.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Knife Pleat8. Knife Pleat

 

Meaning: Tight pleats situated one inch apart

 

Detail: It is a sharp and narrow pleat that is folded in the same direction, overlapping each other. This is among the most popular forms of pleat.

 

 

 

 

 

Appliqué9. Appliqué

 

Meaning: Stitching or embroidering one fabric onto another

 

Detail: This is an ornamental needlework in which fabric pieces are stuck or sewn on a larger fabric to create a pattern or picture. 

 

 

 

 

 

Seersucker10. Seersucker

 

Meaning: Checkered or lightweight striped fabric used for making summer and spring clothes

 

Detail: Made of rayon, linen or cotton, this fabric has uneven or puckered surface. 

 

 

 

 

 

Fluted Hem11. Fluted Hem

 

Meaning: A hem with fabric that alternates inward and outward

 

Detail: The fluted hem skirt is slim along waist and hips having a ruffled, flared hem that results in a snake-like effect.

 

 

 

 

 

Cap Sleeves12. Cap Sleeves

 

Definition: A sleeve that extends a short distance from shoulder and tapers to nothing under arm

 

Detail: It is a flattering cut elongating arms and covering shoulders. 

 

 

 

 

 

Dirndl Skirt13. Dirndl Skirt

 

Definition: A full, wide skirt having tight and fitted waistline

 

Detail: It has originated from traditional German ensemble that is popular with 50s inspired collections. It also includes a bodice, blouse and an apron.

 

 

 

 

 

Epaulet14. Epaulet

 

Definition: An ornamental shoulder embellishment

 

Detail: An epaulet can be usually seen on trench coats and military uniforms. It also provides authenticity to replica styles.

 

 

 

 

 

Filigree15. Filigree

 

Definition: Decorative fine wire work that is generally in silver/gold with an addition of small beads.   

 

Detail: This jewellery method is known for its delicate and feminine finish. It is a popular decorative technique since 3000 BC.

 

 

 

 

Gaiter16. Gaiter

 

Definition: Piece of fabric worn over shoes that extends to ankle or knee

 

Detail: This is a protective covering of cloth/leather for ankle and lower leg. It is majorly used in equestrian and military worlds for protection.

 

 

 

 

 

Herringbone17. Herringbone

 

Definition: A V-shaped weave resembling skeleton of a herring fish

 

Detail: It comprises columns of short parallel lines. This is a trendy pattern for tweed and wool outerwear.

 

 

 

 

 

Iridescent18. Iridescent

 

Definition: Fabric’s property that appears to change color when it comes in contact with light

 

Detail: It means showing luminous colors that appear to change when seen from different angles. This is popularly used for making party clothes.

 

 

 

 

Jouy Print19. Jouy Print

 

Definition: White/off-white background on which a repeated pattern displaying a detailed scene is appeared

 

Detail: Designers adopt this design to depict scenes of safari, sea, garden, etc. on different fabric pieces.

 

 

 

 

 

Mandarin Collar20. Mandarin Collar

 

Definition: A close, small and upright collar

 

Detail: This type of collar has originated from traditional Chinese garments. It creates a minimalist feel, and is widely used in oriental-inspired collections.

 

 

 

 

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Also Read:

Life at NIFT Kannur- Experience it with Mayank Singh Bani

Scope of Fashion Design

How to crack interview for design courses

 

Stay tuned to design.careers360.com for latest updates, news and feature articles on Fashion Design.

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