20 Terms Every Fashion Student Must Know
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Being a fashion aspirant, are you familiar with what does haute couture, lookbook or mandarin collar mean? If your answer is “no” to any of these, then don’t worry as you are definitely not alone in facing this challenge. All your confusion regarding the ambiguous fashion jargon is going to be clarified now. Careers360 has presented here fashion terms and their meanings that you must know in order to get acquainted with the domain. Below is your fashion lingo cheat sheet in which you can find meanings of the stylish terms.


Ready To Wear1. Ready To Wear


Meaning: Garment that is produced by factory in standard sizes


Detail: Originated from French phrase “prêt-à-porter”, it means any attire, which is not custom made. Almost every fashion house and contemporary brand makes it.  





Haute Couture2. Haute Couture


Meaning: The business of designing and selling custom-made garments for exclusive clients


Detail: This clothing is especially worn by celebrities. According to French law, to be considered a haute, you need to employ 15 or more people and showcase your collection twice a year.  






Capsule Collection3. Capsule Collection


Meaning: An edited collection of replaceable cloth items


Detail: Under this idea, customers are given nearly ten staple cloth pieces like trousers, coats, blouses, etc. that are mixed and matched for maximising outfit potential.






Pop-Up Shop4. Pop-Up Shop


Meaning: A temporary retail store


Detail: Depending on retailer, a trendy pop-up shop generally lasts anywhere from few days to several weeks. Some brands use it for promotion of campaigns, while some use it for sample sales and parties.  






Lookbook5. Lookbook


Meaning: A collection of images that showcases a designer’s forthcoming compilation


Detail: This is useful for brands that don’t have a runway show, but are willing to showcase their collection in a creative manner. This is helpful in showing different ways in which a product can be styled so that customers can have a look at it. 





Silhouette6. Silhouette


Meaning: General outline of a garment


Detail: It is the contour of a clothing piece. For instance, a shift dress has a straight and shapeless silhouette.






Bias Cut7. Bias Cut


Meaning: A diagonally cut garment


Detail: The fabric adheres and cascades over the curves because it is cut diagonally, thereby creating a flattering shape.







Knife Pleat8. Knife Pleat


Meaning: Tight pleats situated one inch apart


Detail: It is a sharp and narrow pleat that is folded in the same direction, overlapping each other. This is among the most popular forms of pleat.






Appliqué9. Appliqué


Meaning: Stitching or embroidering one fabric onto another


Detail: This is an ornamental needlework in which fabric pieces are stuck or sewn on a larger fabric to create a pattern or picture. 






Seersucker10. Seersucker


Meaning: Checkered or lightweight striped fabric used for making summer and spring clothes


Detail: Made of rayon, linen or cotton, this fabric has uneven or puckered surface. 






Fluted Hem11. Fluted Hem


Meaning: A hem with fabric that alternates inward and outward


Detail: The fluted hem skirt is slim along waist and hips having a ruffled, flared hem that results in a snake-like effect.






Cap Sleeves12. Cap Sleeves


Definition: A sleeve that extends a short distance from shoulder and tapers to nothing under arm


Detail: It is a flattering cut elongating arms and covering shoulders. 






Dirndl Skirt13. Dirndl Skirt


Definition: A full, wide skirt having tight and fitted waistline


Detail: It has originated from traditional German ensemble that is popular with 50s inspired collections. It also includes a bodice, blouse and an apron.






Epaulet14. Epaulet


Definition: An ornamental shoulder embellishment


Detail: An epaulet can be usually seen on trench coats and military uniforms. It also provides authenticity to replica styles.






Filigree15. Filigree


Definition: Decorative fine wire work that is generally in silver/gold with an addition of small beads.   


Detail: This jewellery method is known for its delicate and feminine finish. It is a popular decorative technique since 3000 BC.





Gaiter16. Gaiter


Definition: Piece of fabric worn over shoes that extends to ankle or knee


Detail: This is a protective covering of cloth/leather for ankle and lower leg. It is majorly used in equestrian and military worlds for protection.






Herringbone17. Herringbone


Definition: A V-shaped weave resembling skeleton of a herring fish


Detail: It comprises columns of short parallel lines. This is a trendy pattern for tweed and wool outerwear.






Iridescent18. Iridescent


Definition: Fabric’s property that appears to change color when it comes in contact with light


Detail: It means showing luminous colors that appear to change when seen from different angles. This is popularly used for making party clothes.





Jouy Print19. Jouy Print


Definition: White/off-white background on which a repeated pattern displaying a detailed scene is appeared


Detail: Designers adopt this design to depict scenes of safari, sea, garden, etc. on different fabric pieces.






Mandarin Collar20. Mandarin Collar


Definition: A close, small and upright collar


Detail: This type of collar has originated from traditional Chinese garments. It creates a minimalist feel, and is widely used in oriental-inspired collections.





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Also Read:

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Scope of Fashion Design

How to crack interview for design courses


Stay tuned to design.careers360.com for latest updates, news and feature articles on Fashion Design.

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More like NIFT Entrance Exam

Questions related to NIFT Entrance Exam

Showing 1544 out of 1544 Questions

can someone apply for NIFT without appearing CAT and GAT?

Sonali Sahu Student Expert 13th Oct, 2019


NIFT has nothing to do with CAT or GAT. Those are the exams for MBA. NIFT is for admission in fashion courses.

The eligibilitiy is just marks of your 10th and intermediate. The main point is the candidate must have qualified both from a recognised board and must be having PCM as the compulsory subject.

The exam has an age limit to be 23 and there is 5 years relaxation for category reserved candidates.

For more information please check the article:- https://design.careers360.com/articles/nift-eligibility-criteria

Hope it helps!


can u tell me the exact date of application form filling?

Aditya kumar Student Expert 12th Oct, 2019

Hello there!


I can't tell you the exact dates as it's not been announced officially yet but yes start date of NIFT 2020 online application is fourth week of October 2019 , so you will be able to fill the application form once it is released. Last date to fill NIFT application form 2020 will be fourth week of December 2019, so you need to make sure that you fill the form before the last date  while National Institute of Fashion Technology will conduct NIFT entrance exam in third week of January 2020 in pen and paper based mode. NIFT entrance exam is a gateway for getting admission in bachelor’s courses in Design (B. Des.) and Fashion Technology (B.F. Tech.). The qualified students will get admission in 16 campuses of NIFT across India. For more and detailed information go through :- https://design.careers360.com/articles/nift


Sir is there any specific certificate format for PWD, SC/ST category that has to be given ?

Abhishek singh Student Expert 3rd Oct, 2019
You have not specified the exam for which you are seeking information.
But still i would like to bring this to your notice that different exams/institutes require caste certificates in different formats. You can easily fetch the format by visiting the official website of that specific institute.
If you are seeking information about nift, then yes nift does specify the required format for the caste certificate. You can fetch detailed information about the format by browsing through the official website.
Good luck

Can we still get going into Mumbai Nift when we did our entrance exam in different centre?

Isaac Lalramnghaka

Yes, you can get NIFT, Mumbai even if you gave your Entrance Exam in different centre. The centre of your entrance exam is no mode for the college you are given admission in. So don't worry. You will be getting the college according to your marks and rank.

Hope it helps you.


when is nift entrance exam????

Ashish pal Student Expert 2nd Oct, 2019

Hello Karpagam.

As of now NIFT exam is scheduled to be held on 20th of January and application form for the same will be available online from 22 October. Last date for application is 28 December.

Exam fees for general category is 1500 and sc St is 750.

It will be 3 hour exam..

Ok good luck

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