20 Terms Every Fashion Student Must Know
Updated on Apr 28, 2017 - 12:29 p.m. IST by Nancy Johri
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Being a fashion aspirant, are you familiar with what does haute couture, lookbook or mandarin collar mean? If your answer is “no” to any of these, then don’t worry as you are definitely not alone in facing this challenge. All your confusion regarding the ambiguous fashion jargon is going to be clarified now. Careers360 has presented here fashion terms and their meanings that you must know in order to get acquainted with the domain. Below is your fashion lingo cheat sheet in which you can find meanings of the stylish terms.


Ready To Wear1. Ready To Wear


Meaning: Garment that is produced by factory in standard sizes


Detail: Originated from French phrase “prêt-à-porter”, it means any attire, which is not custom made. Almost every fashion house and contemporary brand makes it.  





Haute Couture2. Haute Couture


Meaning: The business of designing and selling custom-made garments for exclusive clients


Detail: This clothing is especially worn by celebrities. According to French law, to be considered a haute, you need to employ 15 or more people and showcase your collection twice a year.  






Capsule Collection3. Capsule Collection


Meaning: An edited collection of replaceable cloth items


Detail: Under this idea, customers are given nearly ten staple cloth pieces like trousers, coats, blouses, etc. that are mixed and matched for maximising outfit potential.






Pop-Up Shop4. Pop-Up Shop


Meaning: A temporary retail store


Detail: Depending on retailer, a trendy pop-up shop generally lasts anywhere from few days to several weeks. Some brands use it for promotion of campaigns, while some use it for sample sales and parties.  






Lookbook5. Lookbook


Meaning: A collection of images that showcases a designer’s forthcoming compilation


Detail: This is useful for brands that don’t have a runway show, but are willing to showcase their collection in a creative manner. This is helpful in showing different ways in which a product can be styled so that customers can have a look at it. 





Silhouette6. Silhouette


Meaning: General outline of a garment


Detail: It is the contour of a clothing piece. For instance, a shift dress has a straight and shapeless silhouette.






Bias Cut7. Bias Cut


Meaning: A diagonally cut garment


Detail: The fabric adheres and cascades over the curves because it is cut diagonally, thereby creating a flattering shape.







Knife Pleat8. Knife Pleat


Meaning: Tight pleats situated one inch apart


Detail: It is a sharp and narrow pleat that is folded in the same direction, overlapping each other. This is among the most popular forms of pleat.






Appliqué9. Appliqué


Meaning: Stitching or embroidering one fabric onto another


Detail: This is an ornamental needlework in which fabric pieces are stuck or sewn on a larger fabric to create a pattern or picture. 






Seersucker10. Seersucker


Meaning: Checkered or lightweight striped fabric used for making summer and spring clothes


Detail: Made of rayon, linen or cotton, this fabric has uneven or puckered surface. 






Fluted Hem11. Fluted Hem


Meaning: A hem with fabric that alternates inward and outward


Detail: The fluted hem skirt is slim along waist and hips having a ruffled, flared hem that results in a snake-like effect.






Cap Sleeves12. Cap Sleeves


Definition: A sleeve that extends a short distance from shoulder and tapers to nothing under arm


Detail: It is a flattering cut elongating arms and covering shoulders. 






Dirndl Skirt13. Dirndl Skirt


Definition: A full, wide skirt having tight and fitted waistline


Detail: It has originated from traditional German ensemble that is popular with 50s inspired collections. It also includes a bodice, blouse and an apron.






Epaulet14. Epaulet


Definition: An ornamental shoulder embellishment


Detail: An epaulet can be usually seen on trench coats and military uniforms. It also provides authenticity to replica styles.






Filigree15. Filigree


Definition: Decorative fine wire work that is generally in silver/gold with an addition of small beads.   


Detail: This jewellery method is known for its delicate and feminine finish. It is a popular decorative technique since 3000 BC.





Gaiter16. Gaiter


Definition: Piece of fabric worn over shoes that extends to ankle or knee


Detail: This is a protective covering of cloth/leather for ankle and lower leg. It is majorly used in equestrian and military worlds for protection.






Herringbone17. Herringbone


Definition: A V-shaped weave resembling skeleton of a herring fish


Detail: It comprises columns of short parallel lines. This is a trendy pattern for tweed and wool outerwear.






Iridescent18. Iridescent


Definition: Fabric’s property that appears to change color when it comes in contact with light


Detail: It means showing luminous colors that appear to change when seen from different angles. This is popularly used for making party clothes.





Jouy Print19. Jouy Print


Definition: White/off-white background on which a repeated pattern displaying a detailed scene is appeared


Detail: Designers adopt this design to depict scenes of safari, sea, garden, etc. on different fabric pieces.






Mandarin Collar20. Mandarin Collar


Definition: A close, small and upright collar


Detail: This type of collar has originated from traditional Chinese garments. It creates a minimalist feel, and is widely used in oriental-inspired collections.





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Also Read:

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Stay tuned to design.careers360.com for latest updates, news and feature articles on Fashion Design.

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Im 16 yrs old, studying in std 11th.I will be appearing for my 12 th std board exams in Feb 2021. Can I appear for nift entrance exam in Jan 2021?

Yash Dev Student Expert 6th Feb, 2020

Hello student student yes sure you can appear for nift entrance examination in 2021 as eligibility criteria says students must have passed class 12 (or appearing) with any discipline from a recognized board.

Nift offer two Bachelor course one is B.design and second is B.ftech candidates applying for b.ftech must have physics chemistry and mathematics in class 12.and for bachelor of design any stream students can apply.

Feel free to comment if you have any doubt

Good luck


result for 2020 nift entrance wtitten test

hrithik jain 5th Feb, 2020


The results for NIFT 2020 written test will be declared in the month of March, 2020. Accordingly, the students will be called for further round like GD or PI. The final results for the same will be announced in the month of May 2020.


My sister is appearing for 12th boards in Feb,2020, she plans to do B.Des. She has given NIFT exam but without preparation so the chances for it are negligible. I want to get insights related to B.Des : Colleges, about different fields in B.Des, ROI of colleges, scope of the Course,etc. KindlyHelp

Archita Aggarwal 26th Jan, 2020

Hi Surbhi

It's okay if your sister does not clear nift entrance, there are lot of private universities like Pearl Academy,IIAD etc that she apply for. They have very easy entrance, all you need there is a good portfolio and confidence that's it. Don't worry she will get into one soon

Hope this answer helps.


what will be the minimum marks to clear out of 100 and 150 marks in NIFT entrance exam?

Muskan Gupta 23rd Jan, 2020

Hi Sanket

Passing marks may vary every year.

As you might know , nift entrance consist of cat-50% gat-30% and situation test-20%. So if you scored well in written exam you can easily get among top 2000 and get selected for situation test.

Marks vary year to year. Your performance in situation test will actually decide your rank.

All the best !!

Hope it helps :)

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